Sunday, August 23, 2009

Looking In: “The Americans” at SFMOMA

(Above) An installation view of Looking In: “The Americans” at the National Gallery of Art which closed in April. The exhibition opens next at SFMOMA.

(Above) The route of Robert Frank’s photographic journey across the United States in 1955-56. I wonder if a photographer has ever retraced this photographic route?

(Above) Installation view of “Looking In: Robert Frank’s The Americans” at the National Gallery of Art.

(Above) Robert Frank, Charleston, South Carolina 1955; Susan and Peter MacGill; Photograph © Robert Frank, from “The Americans.”

(Above) Robert Frank, U.S. 90, en route to Del Rio, Texas, 1955; Private collection, courtesy Hamiltons Gallery. Photograph © Robert Frank, from “The Americans.”

(Above) Robert Frank, Trolley—New Orleans, 1955; gelatin silver print; 8 5/8 x 13 1/16 in.; Lent by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Gilman Collection, Purchase, Ann Tenenbaum and Thomas H. Lee Gift, 2005; © Robert Frank. (Click on image for larger view)

SAN FRANCISCO, CA. - The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA) is about to close the exhibition: Looking In: Robert Frank’s “The Americans,” the most comprehensive and in-depth exploration of Frank’s groundbreaking book to date. The show has been on view since May 16 to and will close this August 23, 2009. The exhibition coincides with the 50th anniversary of The Americans, arguably one of the single-most important photography books published since World War II. The exhibition was organized by the National Gallery of Art, Washington. Its San Francisco presentation is overseen by SFMOMA Associate Curator of Photography Corey Keller and is made possible by generous support from the Bernard and Barbro Osher Exhibition Fund and Bob and Randi Fisher.

The Book:
In 1955 and 1956, Swiss-born American photographer Robert Frank (b. 1924) traveled across the United States to photograph, as he wrote, “the kind of civilization born here and spreading elsewhere.” During his nine-month journey, he took 767 rolls of film (more than 27,000 images) and made more than 1,000 work prints. He then spent a year editing, selecting, and sequencing the photographs, linking them thematically, conceptually, formally, emotionally, and linguistically. The result was The Americans, a series of photographs that looked beneath the surface of life in the United States to reveal a culture on the brink of massive social upheaval.

When it was first published (in France in 1958; in the United States in 1959), The Americans revealed a country that many knew existed but which few had acknowledged. The book showed Americans as a people plagued by racism, ill-served by politicians, and numbed by a rapidly rising culture of consumption. But in addition to exposing a darker side of the United States, Frank shed light on the beauty of overlooked corners of the country. In his photographs of diners, cars, and even “the road” itself, Frank helped to redefine the icons of America.

The Exhibition:
Looking In: Robert Frank’s “The Americans” is grouped into four sections. The first section examines the roots of The Americans, not only in Frank’s earlier handmade books—including 40 Fotos (1946), Peru (1949), and Black White and Things (1952)—but also in other sequences of photographs he made at this time, such as People You Don’t See (1952). The first section also present books by his contemporaries and influences, such as Bill Brandt, Alexey Brodovitch, and Jakob Tuggener.

The second section displays Frank’s original application to the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (which funded his primary work on The Americans project), along with vintage contact sheets, letters to photographer Walker Evans and author Jack Kerouac, and two early manuscript versions of Kerouac’s introduction to the book. Also exhibited are three collages (made from more than 115 original rough work prints) that were assembled under the Frank’s supervision in 2007 and 2008, revealing his intended themes as well as his first rounds of images selection.

The third section is composed of all 83 images from The Americans in their original sequence, often in the form of rarely exhibited vintage prints.

The fourth section addresses the impact that The Americans had on Frank’s subsequent career and includes a film Frank made in 2008 especially for this exhibition.

The exhibition is accompanied by a major publication, Looking In: Robert Frank’s “The Americans,” produced in two different editions (a softcover and an expanded hardcover) and published with assistance from The Getty Foundation. Published by the National Gallery of Art—in association with Steidl and distributed by D.A.P.—the catalogue will be available at the SFMOMA MuseumStore.

The softcover edition includes reproductions all of the works in the exhibition, along with essays by Sarah Greenough, Anne Wilkes Tucker, Stuart Alexander, Martin Gasser, Jeff L. Rosenheim, Michel Frizot, Luc Sante, and Philip Brookman. Priced at $45, it comprises 396 pages with 6 four-color, 168 tritone, and 210 duotone images.

All of the copy above via Art Daily.

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